Treat yourself to a road trip on the roads of Aveyron! Immerse yourself in the history of Rouergue by browsing the circuit of bastides. Villefranche de Rouergue, Villeneuve, Najac, Sauveterre de Rouergue, Rieupeyroux and Bas Ségala will have no more secrets for you.

In the XNUMXth century, the strong population growth, the need to regroup the population, to develop the agricultural lands and to organize the economic exchanges, incite the counts of Toulouse, the bishop of Rodez, then the Kings of France, to develop a genuine spatial planning policy. Thus are born the bastides, which are characterized by their geometric plan and their place with arcades.

Discover our story, from Sauvetés to Bastides…

From the limestone plateau of the Causse, passing through the Aveyron gorges, to the hills of Ségala, discover the Bastides of Rouergue. Explore new towns and villages built in the Middle Ages and let yourself be surprised by their architectural diversity and their common history.
A word of advice: plan at least two days to visit our six bastides, here we take the time to stroll!

Stop n°1: Villeneuve d'Aveyron

At the heart of the causse, this medieval city was first a rescue. Founded in 1053, Count Raymond VII of Toulouse granted it the privileges and status of bastide in 1231.

The unavoidable :

  • The Church of the Holy Sepulcher and its XNUMXth century murals
  • The winding streets of his saved part
  • The arcades and beautiful buildings of its bastide
  • The small heritage of the causse: caselles, gariottes, dovecotes...

Then continue your journey to Villefranche de Rouergue, the largest of our bastides.

Visit of Villeneuve

Stop n°2: Villefranche de Rouergue

Founded in 1252 by Alphonse de Poitiers, Count of Toulouse, the royal bastide of Villefranche has kept its medieval checkerboard town plan. Let yourself be guided to Place Notre Dame, dominated by its collegiate church.

The unavoidable :

Stop n°3: Najac

At the entrance to the wild gorges of Aveyron, marvel at the village of Najac! First a castral town then a royal bastide, the city unfolds in length to blend in better with the surrounding forests.

The unavoidable :

Stop n°4: Sauveterre de Rouergue

Climb to the Ségala plateau to discover another nugget of Rouergue: Sauveterre. A royal bastide from the XNUMXth century, it holds the largest central square with arcades of all the bastides of Rouergue.

The unavoidable :

  • The beautiful central square with 47 arcades
  • Saint-Christophe collegiate church
  • Craftsmen's workshops

Stop n°5: Rieupeyroux

Take a little more altitude to reach Rieupeyroux, a refuge founded in 1030 by the Benedictine abbey of Saint Martial de Limoges.

The unavoidable :

  • The fortified church of Saint-Martial
  • The civil vestiges of the Middle Ages: arcades of the Gitat square, half-timbered houses, Griffoul fountain.
  • The view from the Saint Jean-Baptiste chapel

Stop n°6: La Bastide l'Evêque

Finish your journey in the town of Bas Ségala, above the Aveyron gorges. Built in 1280 by the Bishop of Rodez, Raymond de Calmont, to compete with Villefranche, the bastide has remained modest but you can find typical architecture there!

The unavoidable :

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